Unless you have had a septic system installed on your property before, you may have questions regarding what a septic system is and how it works. A septic system is a multi-part system that consists of a septic tank, a septic drain field, and all of the piping that connects the two. You can purchase a prefabricated septic tank as long as it is properly sized, but you will have to hire a professional to do both the septic tank and drain field installation.
When it comes to drain field installation, there are many details to consider. The size of the drain field will be partially determined by the size of the septic tank, which depends on the number of sinks and bathrooms on your property and thus the volume of waste that needs to be processed. Every time someone flushes a toilet or runs the sink, some of the water and waste will go into the septic tank for processing and separation.
After the water and waste have been processed and separated in the septic tank, the processed water flows into the drain field, where contaminants are removed before releasing the water back into the environment. Drain field installation is different for each system, and is mostly determined by the property. If your property is sloped and the drain field can be installed at a lower elevation than the septic tank, you can go with a standard gravity system. If your septic system is at a higher elevation than the drain field, however, you will need to have a pump installed for a pressurized system.
Because septic tank and drain field installation can be a tricky job, it is best to hire a professional to do the work. Not only will a septic engineer be able to custom-design your system to suit your needs, but they will also make sure that all of the parts work together as they should. If you are considering having a new septic system installed, make our team at Southern Water and Soil your first call.